Padding in Android Layout

Padding in Android Layout

In the previous lesson, we learned how to work with Margin in Android Layouts In this lesson we will learn how to work with Padding in Android Layout. Padding is within the view and expressed in Android in pixels for the left, top, right and bottom parts of the view.

Here, we will learn what is padding and how it can be worked easily on Android layout. Demo app will be shown to make it easy for a Beginner to understand.

Let’s start with the following illustration, explaining the concept of Padding in Linear Layout. Here the text Studyopedia, is our TextView text. Whereas, the Gray rectangular Box is the space for our View TextView.

A widget in Android occupies a rectangular space. Black line shows padding,

Padding in Android

For example, a right padding of 2 will push the view’s content by 2 pixels to the left of the right edge.

The following methods are used to set padding,

setPadding(int, int, int, int): Sets Padding

setPaddingRelative(int, int, int, int): Sets relative padding

Let’s learn about the above two methods,

Android setPadding(int, int, int, int) method

It sets the padding. Here’s the syntax for setPadding() method,

Here,

left: left padding in pixels
top: top padding in pixels
right: right padding in pixels
bottom: bottom padding in pixels

Android setPaddingRelative(int, int, int, int) method

It sets the relative padding. Here’s the syntax for setPaddingRelative() method,

Here,

start: start padding in pixels
top: end padding in pixels
end: end padding in pixels
bottom: bottom padding in pixels

Padding can be queried by calling the following methods. The methods return the padding value of this view,

MethodDescription
getPaddingLeft()It returns the left padding.
getPaddingTop()It returns the top padding.
getPaddingRight()It returns the right padding.
getPaddingBottom() It returns the bottom padding.
getPaddingStart()It returns the start padding depending on its resolved layout direction.
getPaddingEnd()It returns the end padding depending on its resolved layout direction.

Example

Time for some examples of the usage of padding in Android, with the emulator output.
Note:

If the minSdkVersion is 17 or higher, then
Use paddingStart instead of paddingLeft attribute, &
Use paddingEnd instead of paddingRight attribute.

If the minSdkVersion is 16 or less, then
Use both older paddingLeft and paddingStart attribute, &
paddingRight and paddingEnd attribute.

Let’s say, you have the following code for TextView, without padding,

Here’s the output,

Android Without Padding

Let’s now work with the following code for TextView with padding. We are adding the following to our code: android:padding=”100dp”

Here’s the output,

Android Padding Output

Let’s move further and now add right padding. On adding, the TextView will shift to the left within the view.

We are adding, android:paddingRight=”100dp” and different is easily visible below,

Here’s the output,

Android PaddingRight Output

Let’s move further and now add left padding. On adding, the TextView will shift to the right within the view.

We are adding, android:paddingLeft=”100dp” and different is easily visible below,

Here’s the output,

Android PaddingLeft Output

Let’s move further and now add top padding. On adding, the TextView will shift to the bottom within the view.

We are adding, android:paddingTop=”100dp” and difference is easily visible below,

Here’s the output,

Android PaddingTop Output

 

Margin in Android Layout
Android EditText Control
Studyopedia Editorial Staff
Studyopedia Editorial Staff
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